Volkswagen Beetle

Here you find information about the history of the Volkswagen Beetle.

The Beetle is known by several different names all around the world, KDF Wagen, Strength Through Joy Car, People's Car and the "Volkswagen".

The last German Beetle left the Emden production line at noon on 19th January 1978, though production continued in Mexico until 2003.

The 1 Millionth Beetle rolled off the German production line on the 5th August 1955

The 5 Millionth Beetle rolled off the German production line in December 1961

The 10 Millionth Beetle rolled off the German production line in September 1965

The 15 Millionth Beetle rolled off the production line in February 1972

The 20 Millionth Beetle rolled off the Brazillian production line on the 15th May 1981.

Late Mexican Beetles were fitted with Fuel Injection and a Catalitic Convertor.

The Beetle is the best selling single production model in the World.

The Beetle was powered by a Horizontally opposed, Air-Cooled Four Cylinder Engine. Early Beetles had around 25bhp, and later Beetles around 50bhp.

 

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information and images curtesy of Wiki-Peadia, Volksworld and Microsoft.

VW Beetle

Starting in 1931, Ferdinand Porsche and Zündapp developed the "Auto für Jedermann" (car for everybody). Porsche already preferred the flat-4 cylinder engine.  In 1932, three prototypes were running, all of those cars were lost during the war, the last in a bombing raid over Stuttgart in 1945.
In 1933, Adolf Hitler gave the order to Ferdinand Porsche to develop a "VolksWagen".
The name means "people's car" in German, in which it is pronounced [ˈfolksvɑːgən]. Hitler required a basic vehicle capable of transporting two adults and three children at 100 km/h (62 mph). The "People's Car" would be available to citizens of the Third Reich through a savings scheme at 990 Reichsmark, about the price of a small motorcycle (an average income being around 32RM a week).
Erwin Komenda, Porsche's chief designer, was responsible for the design and style of the car. But production only became worthwhile when finance was backed by the Third Reich. War started before large-scale production of the Volkswagen started, and manufacturing shifted to producing military vehicles, the best known was the Kubelwagen. Until 1946, the Volkswagen plant (called "Strength Through Joy Town") was owned by the Nazis and was not a commercial company, rather a political creation. The factory was bombed intensively towards the end of the war. A group of British Army personnel were sent to the plant to salvage what they could and re-establish car production. One single Beetle survived the wreckage of the bombed factory, upon showing this Beetle to Military Government, they were rewarded with an order for 20,000 Beetles, with a target of 1,000 Beetles a month. A german management team, headed by Heinz Nordoff, was assembled during the latter part of 1947, and in 1949 the factory was handed over to the regional government of saxony. The Beetle as we know it was truly born.

Volkswagen Type 1

Manufacturer:
Volkswagen
Known As:
Volkswagen Beetle,
Volkswagen Bug (unofficially)
Production
1938 – 2003
21,529,464 built
(of which 15,444,858 in Germany, incl. 330,251 Cabriolets, and 3,350,000 in Brazil)
Assembly:
Dublin, Ireland
São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil
Puebla, Puebla, Mexico
Wolfsburg, Germany
Hanover, Germany
Emden, Germany
Ingolstadt, Germany
Osnabrück, Germany
Lagos, Nigeria
Uitenhage, South Africa
Brussels, Belgium
Jakarta, Indonesia,
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, SFR Yugoslavia
Manila, Philippines
Melbourne, Australia
Auckland, New Zealand
Successor:
Volkswagen Golf
Volkswagen Jetta (Sedan)
Volkswagen New Beetle
Class:    
Subcompact
Economy car
Body style(s):
2-door sedan
2-door convertible
Layout:
rear engine,
rear-wheel drive
Engine(s):
1.1 L H4
1.2 L H4
1.3 L H4
1.5 L H4
1.6 L H4
Transmission(s):
4-speed manual transaxle,
3-speed clutchless manual ("Autostick")